Below are the answers to Quiz No. 10. We hope you enjoyed taking part.
1. Name the suspension bridge in San Francisco, California, constructed under the supervision of Joseph B. Strauss, which, at the date of its completion in 1937, had the longest main span in the world (4,200 ft).
Golden Gate Bridge
2. Spanning the River Thames between the Great London Boroughs of Tower Hamlets and Southwark, which moveable bridge of the double-leaf bascule (drawbridge) type, completed in 1894, is now seldom raised because of the reduction in shipping at the London Docklands?
3. Who were the two brothers, Swiss carpenters and bridge builders, whose bridge (1758) over the Limmat River at the town of Wettingen, near Zürich, is believed to be the first timber bridge to employ a true arch in its design?
Hans Ulrich & Johannes Grubenmann
4. What is the title of the 1952 novel by Pierre Boulle, dealing with a company of British soldiers taken prisoner by the Japanese in World War II who are employed by the captors to build a bridge?
The Bridge on the River Kwai
5. Which bridge, despite its name, the oldest of the Paris Bridge not to have been rebuilt, is supported in the middle by the tip of the Île de la Cité, to which it extends five arches from the Left Bank and seven from the Right?
Pont-Neuf (New Bridge)
6. Designed by John Rennie with multiple masonry arches and completed in 1831 over the River Thames in London, which bridge was disassembled in 1968-71, its marble facing transported over sea and land, and re-erected to span a man-made inlet on the Colorado River, U.S.A.?
7. Opened in July 1981 after more than eight years of construction, which suspension bridge, about five miles west of Kingston upon Hull, England, has a main span that is suspended between towers that rise five hundred feet above their supporting piers?
8. Who was the American engineer, born on 23 May 1820 in Lawrenceburg, Indiana, best-known for his triple-arch steel bridge over the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri?
James Buchanan Eads
9. What is the name of the railway bridge in northern Wales spanning the Menai Strait between Bangor and the Isle of Anglesey, designed and built by Robert Stephenson, which was severely damaged by fire in 1970...?
10. ...and, who designed and built, between 1819 and 1826, the suspension bridge spanning the Menai Strait from Bangor to the island of Anglesey, a distance of 580ft?
11. Designed by David B. Steinman in the wake of the failure of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, name the bridge in Michigan, U.S.A, one of the longest and strongest suspension bridges in the world, opened to vehicular traffic in 1957.
12. Built in about 1600 by the architect Antonio Contino, which bridge in Venice, Italy, spans the narrow canal, Rio di Palazzo, between the Doge's Palace and the prisons?
Bridge of Sighs
13. Name the first suspension bridge across the Narrows of Puget Sound, connecting the Olympic Peninsula with the mainland of Washington, U.S.A., which, on 7 November 1940, in a wind of about 42 mph, went into a series of torsional oscillations, which steadily increased until several suspenders broke loose, and the span broke up.
Tacoma Narrows Bridge
14. Who was the Austrian-born American civil engineer, born on 21 May 1850 in Brunn, known for designing the Hell Gate Bridge across New York City's East River?
15. Also called Rama's Bridge, situated between the islands of Mannar, near north-western Sri Lanka, and Rameswaram, off the south-eastern coast of India, name the bridge 30 miles long which separates the Gulf of Mannar from the Palk Strait.
16. Erected by Abraham Darby between 1777 and 1779, name the bridge spanning the River Severn near Coalbrookdale, in Shropshire, England, which is still used for pedestrian traffic, despite a slight humping of the arch, and is now a British national monument.
17. In which 1995 film, based on Robert James Waller's best-selling novel, does an Italian-born farmer's wife in Iowa have a passionate four-day affair with a photographer?
The Bridges of Madison County
18. The first to use steel for cable wire, which suspension bridge, completed under the direction of Washington Augustus Roebling in 1883, spans the East River of New York City?
19. Born on 26 March 1879 in Schaffhausen, Switzerland, who was the engineer and designer of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge over New York Harbour, which, at its completion in 1965, was the longest single span in the world?
Othmar Herman Ammann
20. Name the first bridge to span the River Danube, built east of the Iron Gates Rapids at Turnu Severin by the then Roman Emperor to guarantee the supply line of his legions in conquered Dacia.
Trajan's Bridge or Apollodorus' Bridge
21. The last railway bridge designed by the British engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel before his death, which bridge, completed in 1859, connects Saltash, Cornwall with Plymouth, Devon?
Royal Albert Bridge
22. Which bridge, designed by English civil engineer Sir Ralph Freeman, carries rail, road and pedestrian traffic passing over the Zambezi River between Zambia and Zimbabwe?
Victoria Falls Bridge
23. A vehicular suspension bridge crossing the Hudson River, U.S.A., between the Palisades park near Fort Lee, New Jersey and Manhattan island, New York City, which bridge was originally built between 1927 and 1931 according to the modified designs of architect Cass Gilbert?
George Washington Bridge
24. Who was the uneducated shepherd who claimed that he was Divinely commanded to build the Pont d'Avignon over the Rhône at Avignon, France, work on which began in 1177?
Saint Bénézet (Benedictus)
25. Linking the city of Osaka with neighbouring Amagasaki in Japan, which bridge, completed in 1974 is, at 1,673ft, one of the world's longest-spanning cantilever truss bridges ?
26. Completed in 1959, what is the steel vertical-lift bridge connecting Elizabeth, New Jersey and Staten Island, New York, which, at its completion, was the longest and highest span of its type in the world?
Arthur Kill Bridge
27. Who, born on 12 May 1803 in Spencer, Massachusetts, built a bridge (1838) for the Boston and Albany Railroad at Warren, Massachusetts, and pioneered in the development of truss bridges in the United States?
28. One of the first cantilever bridges, and for several years the world's longest span, name the railway bridge in Scotland designed and built by Benjamin Baker in the late 1880s, which was described by the poet and artist William Morris as "the supremest specimen of all ugliness".
29. The first segmental arch bridge built in the West, completed by Taddeo Gaddi in 1345, which bridge crosses over the Arno at Florence, and which, during World War II, was the only one over the Arno to be spared from destruction by the retreating German army?
30. Which American engineer, whose studies of air flow and wind velocity helped make possible the design of aerodynamically stable bridges, joined Holton D. Robinson in construction the Florianópolis Bridge in Brazil, which was then the largest in South America?
David Barnard Steinman
1. British female vocalist who topped the charts in 1977 with the Andrew Lloyd Webber/Tim Rice song "Don't Cry For Me Argentina".
2. American male pianist, who at one time played for Elvis Presley, reached No. 1 in 1961 with "On The Rebound".
3. Israeli husband and wife vocal duo whose only U.K. No. 1 was "Cinderella Rockefella" in 1968.
Esther and Abi Ofarim
4. American female singer whose only U.K. chart entry, "Together We Are Beautiful", was a No. 1 in 1980.
5. "You're Driving Me Crazy" was a No. 1 for this British male vocalist/instrumental band in 1961.
The Temperance Seven
6. American singer whose only U.K. chart-topping song "Spirit In the Sky" (1970) was later to become a No. 1 for Doctor and the Medics in 1986.
7. Written and produced by Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, "Show You The Way To Go" topped the charts for this American male vocal group in 1977.
8. British group who, five years after their only previous chart entry, topped the charts with "Star Trekkin'" in 1987.
9. American male vocal duo whose only chart entry "In The Year 2525 (Exordium And Terminus)" topped the charts on both sides of the Atlantic in 1969.
Zager and Evans
10. British male duo, stars of BBC Television's comedy series "It Ain't Half Hot Mum", who made No. 1 with "Whispering Grass" in 1975.
Windsor Davies and Don Estelle
11. American singer whose ironically-titled self-penned "Three Steps To Heaven" topped the charts in 1960, two months after his death.
12. British group who, despite having four No. 2 hit records, only once reached No. 1 - with "I Owe You Nothing" in 1988.
13. Swedish male group who topped the charts in 1986 with "The Final Countdown".
14. British male singer who reached No. 1 with the Lennon/ McCartney composition "With A Little Help From My Friends" in 1968.
15. Caribbean-born singer and his group who reached No. ! with his debut record "What Do You Want To Make Those Eyes At Me For" in 1959.
Emile Ford and the Checkmates
16. British heavy metal band whose only No. 1 was "Bring Your Daughter...To The Slaughter" in 1991.
17. "Show Me Heaven" (1990) was the only chart-topper for this American female vocalist.
18. British group whose sole chart entry was their version of the Joni Mitchell composition "Woodstock", which took them to No. 1 in 1970.
Matthews Southern Comfort
19. Swedish male/female group, three of whom are siblings, who topped the chart in 1993 with "All That She Wants".
Ace of Base
20. British group whose only No. 1, "All Or Nothing" in 1966, was just one of four top ten hits for them in that year.
The Small Faces
21. Canadian male singer/guitarist whose chart-topper "(Everything I Do) I Do It For You" (1991), was featured in the film "Robin Hood: Prince Of Thieves".
22. American male vocal group whose Tamla Motown- produced record "Reach Out I'll Be There " topped the chart in 1966.
The Four Tops
23. Irish male vocalist who reached the top of the chart in 1980 with the Eurovision Song Contest winner "What's Another Year".
24. American male vocalist and songwriter, whose only solo No. 1 "Being With You" (1981) came eleven years after he had reached No. 1 with his group, The Miracles.
25. British group whose only No. 1, "Everlasting Love" in 1968, was a cover of Robert Knight's American hit.
The Love Affair
26. American/British group who had a No. 1 hit in 1967 with the Neil Diamond song "I'm A Believer".
27. "The Day The Rains Came" was, in 1959, the only chart-topper for this American female vocalist.
28. British female duo who reached No. 1 in 1987 with "Respectable".
Mel and Kim
29. Taken from the album "I Remember Yesterday", "I Feel Love" was a No. 1 record in 1977 for this American-born female singer.
30. British female singer whose No. 1 hit "Wuthering Heights" (1978) was inspired by the novel by Emily Brontë, with whom this singer shares her birthday.
1. Name the British cartoonist who created the potato-shaped, whimsical characters, best known in the popular "Mr. Men" series of books for children, which paved the way for a "Little Miss" series, including Little Miss Helpful and Little Miss Bossy.
2. In Alex Haley's "Roots", the story of an African-American family between 1750 and the 1970s, one of the slaves is Miss Malizy. What was the name of her white "owner"?
Massa Tom Lea
3. Born on 23rd April 1928 in Santa Monica, California, who was the internationally popular American child star of the 1930s who starred in the 1934 film "Little Miss Marker"?
4. Inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997, which American singer was, in her early career, known as "Little Miss Dynamite"?
5. In the 1996 film "Muppet Treasure Island", what role was taken by the zaftig Miss Piggy?
6. Who played the role of M's secretary, Miss Moneypenny, in the 1965 James Bond film "Thunderball"?
7. Name the actress, born on 19th December 1933 in New York, who won two Emmy Awards for her role as the title character in the 1974 television drama "The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman", the story of a 110-year-old former slave whose life is depicted up through the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
8. In the 1970s British television sitcom "Rising Damp", who played the role of Miss Jones' landlord, Rigsby, who was constantly attempting to win her affections?
9. Who was the British writer whose novel, "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie", tells the story of a sharp-minded Edinburgh schoolmistress of the 1930s who is a bad influence on her more easily-swayed pupils?
10. Born on 2nd November 1961 in Consort, Alberta, which Canadian singer/ songwriter had a minor U.K. hit single in June 1993 with the song "Miss Chatelaine"?
11. In Charles Dickens' novel "Great Expectations" what is the name of the girl whom Miss Havisham has brought up to break the hearts of men?
12. Who won the 1989 Academy Award for the screenplay adaptation of his own stage play "Driving Miss Daisy"?
13. Which Swedish playwright, novelist and short-story writer's play, "Miss Julie", tells the story of a Count's daughter killing herself in a lonely house after she is seduced by a valet?
14. What was the eponymous heroine of the nursery rhyme "Little Miss Muffet" eating when she was frightened by the spider?
Curds and Whey
15. In 1835, which of the Brontë sisters secured a teaching position at Miss Wooler's school at Roe Head, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire?
16. Born on 9th June 1891 in Peru, Indiana, who was the American composer and lyricist of the hit song "Miss Otis Regrets"?
17. Published in 1930, in which of Agatha Christie's detective novels did the elderly spinster, Miss Marple, make her first appearance?
Murder at the Vicarage
18. Entitled "The Divine Miss M" and reaching No. 9 in the U.S. album chart in 1973, whose debut album featured accompaniment by Barry Manilow?
19. In the musical "Miss Saigon", who originally played the role of The Engineer, which he later repeated on Broadway?
20. Who was the voice of Miss Bianca in the two animated films "The Rescuers" (1977) and "The Rescuers Down Under" (1990)?
21. In the 1907 musical comedy "Miss Hook of Holland", what is the name of the liqueur, the missing recipe for which is found by ne'er-do-well Simon Slinks?
Cream of the Sky
22. Following the lives of a lumberman's family on the top of Blue Ridge Mountain, in which long-running television programme did Miss Michael Learned play the role of Olivia?
23. What kind of creature is Miss Moppet in the children's stories of Beatrix Potter?
24. In the "Thrush Green" series of books and stories by Miss Read, what is the name of the ever-popular restaurant and tea-room in the village, the proprietor of which is Mrs. Peters?
25. On 19th April 1951 at the Lyceum Theatre, London, a representative from which country won the first Miss World beauty contest?
26. In which year did a horse called Miss Mowbray win the Grand National steeplechase at Aintree, England?
27. Who was the author of the best-selling novel "No Orchids For Miss Blandish", which tells the story of an heiress, kidnapped by gangsters, who falls for their psychopathic leader?
James Hadley Chase
28. Who has played the role of Miss Emily Nugent (now Mrs Bishop) in Granada Television's soap opera "Coronation Street" since Episode 15 in January 1961?
29. Which member of pop group Manfred Mann wrote the song "Little Miss Understood" - Rod Stewart's version of which reportedly sold only 263 copies?
30. In which novel, written by William Makepeace Thackeray, did Amelia Sedley and Becky Sharp attend Miss Pinkerton's academy for young ladies?
1. Which planet, the third in distance outward from the Sun, is the only planetary body in the solar system that has conditions suitable for life, at least as known to modern science?
2. Also called Alpha Canis Majoris, or Dog Star, what is the brightest star in the night sky?
3. Born on 8th November 1656 in Shoreditch, London, who was the English astronomer and mathematician, the first to calculate the orbit of a comet which was later named after him?
4. Easily visible to the naked eye as a point of light, and the farthest of the planets known to pre-telescopic astronomers, which planet's modern name comes from the Roman god of agriculture, known to the Greeks as Cronus, the father of Zeus?
5. Discovered in 1977 by Charles Kowal, an American astronomer at the Palomar Observatory in southern California, which comet was once thought to be the most distant known minor planet?
6. Born on 11th December 1863 in Dover, Delaware, who was the American astronomer who specialised in the classification of stellar spectra, and who, in 1925, became the first woman to receive an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford?
Annie Jump Cannon
7. Name the triple star, the faintest component of which, Proxima Centauri, is the closest star to the Sun, at about 4.3 light-years' distance.
8. What name is given to a cosmic body of extremely intense gravity from which nothing, not even light, can escape?
9. Which planet's surface markings were first accurately drawn by the Dutch scientist and mathematician Christiaan Huygens, and the polar caps of which were first noted by the Italian-born French astronomer Gian D. Cassini in about 1666?
10. Born on 31st August 1913 at Oldland Common, Gloucestershire, who was the English radio astronomer, founder and director (1951-81) of Jodrell Bank Experimental Station?
Sir Bernard Lovell
11. Which asteroid, whose eccentric orbit brings it nearer the Earth than any other observed minor planet, was discovered in 1937 by Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth?
12. Name the planet, the eighth in average distance from the Sun, which cannot be seen from the Earth without the aid of a telescope, and which was named after the Roman god of the Sea.
13. Found on 29th March 1807 by Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, what was the fourth minor planet to be discovered, and, in astronomy, the brightest asteroid, though not the largest, and the only one ever visible with the naked eye?
14. Discovered, in the constellation Gemini, on 18th February 1930 by a young amateur astronomer, Clyde Tombaugh, which planet takes 248 years to orbit the Sun?
15. Founder of the Greenwich Observatory, who, born on 19th August 1646 in Derby, was the first Astronomer Royal of England?
16. What is the smallest and innermost of the eight large, regular satellites of Saturn, which orbits the planet in a prograde, near-circular orbit?
17. Named after the ruler of the gods in the Greco-Roman pantheon, which planet, the fifth in distance from the Sun, is the most massive?
18. Born on 26th June 1730 at Badonviller, who was the French astronomer, the first to compile a systematic catalogue of nebulae and star clusters?
19. What is the name of the major constellation, named after the Greek mythological hunter, which contains many bright stars including Betelgeuse, Rigel and Bellatrix?
20. Prior to the discovery of which planet by William Herschel in 1781 was it generally assumed among astronomers and philosophers alike, that all the planets in the solar system were those six that had been observed since ancient times?
21. What is the sole natural satellite of the Earth, revolving around the planet from west to east at a mean distance of about 239,900 miles?
22. Who was the American astronomer, born on 15th December 1834 in Hanover, New Hampshire, who made the first observations of the flash spectrum of the Sun, during the solar eclipses of 1869 and 1870?
Charles Augustus Young
23. What name is given to a complete or partial obscuring of a celestial body by another, occurring when three celestial objects become aligned?
24. First reliably measured in 1917 by Harlow Shapley, what is the large spiral system, sometimes simply called the Galaxy, consisting of several billion stars, one of which is the Sun?
25. Who was the American astronomer, born on 20th November 1889 in Marshfield, Missouri, considered to be the founder of extra-galactic astronomy, and who provided the first evidence of the expansion of the universe?
Edwin Powell Hubble
26. Also called The Little Bear, what name is given to a constellation of the northern sky, seven of whose stars outline the Little Dipper?
27. Born in c.400BC in Cnidus, Asia Minor (now Turkey), who was the ancient Greek mathematician and astronomer who substantially advanced number theory and gave the first systematic explanation of the motions of the Sun, Moon and planets?
28. Second from the Sun, which planet's orbit is closest to that of the Earth?
29. Born on 15th February 1564 in Pisa, who was the Italian natural philosopher, astronomer and mathematician whose discoveries with the telescope revolutionised astronomy and paved the way for the acceptance of the Copernican heliocentric system?
30. What name is given to any interplanetary particle or chunk of stony or metallic matter that survives its passage through the Earth's atmosphere and strikes the ground?
1. A college professor and his wife have an all-night shouting match and embarrass their guests.
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
2. A middle-aged psychiatrist tries to find out why a seventeen-year-old boy blinded six horses.
3. Passengers stranded at a haunted station in Cornwall include a detective posing as a silly ass in order to trap smugglers.
The Ghost Train
4. In 1912 a prosperous Yorkshire family is visited by a mysterious stranger who proves that each of them was partly responsible for the death of a young girl.
An Inspector Calls
5. As he retires, a repressed and disliked schoolteacher, treated badly by his headmaster and adulterous wife, comes to terms with himself.
The Browning Version
6. A gay nightclub owner is persuaded by his straight son to behave properly in front of his girl-friend's parents, but chaos comes on the night of the party.
La Cage aux Folles
7. The mysterious Mrs. Erlynne almost causes a scandal in London.
Lady Windermere's Fan
8. A suburban housewife on her weekly shopping visits develops a love affair with a local doctor, but he gets a job abroad and they agree not to see each other again.
9. A spoilt schoolgirl spreads a rumour that her school- mistresses are lesbians.
The Children's Hour
10. A cheerful young hairdresser improves her knowledge of English literature by enrolling on an Open University course.
11. The childhood of Helen Keller, taught by Annie Sullivan after being left blind, deaf and dumb.
The Miracle Worker
12. The daughter of an armaments millionaire joins the Salvation Army but resigns when it accepts her father's donation.
13. A murder case jury about to vote "guilty", is convinced otherwise by one doubting member.
Twelve Angry Men
14. A cynical novelist's second marriage is disturbed when the playful ghost of his first wife materialises during a séance.
15. A bad-tempered young man with a grudge against life and the government, runs a market stall, lives in a squalid flat and has an affair with his wife's best friend.
Look Back in Anger
16. A photographer unwittingly smuggles a drug-filled doll into New York, and his blind wife, alone in their flat, is terrorised by murderous villains in search of it.
Wait Until Dark
17. Two men murder a friend for the thrill of it and conceal his body in a trunk, on which they serve cocktails to a party, including his father and girlfriend.
Rope (U.S. title "Rope's End")
18. Both Americans and Russians woo the tiny country of Concordia, and war threatens while the ambassadors' children fall in love.
Romanoff and Juliet
19. A malevolent one-eyed widow will stop at nothing to prevent her grown sons from leaving the family orbit, and they meet each year to mourn the death of the husband she really hated.
20. Two old ladies invite lonely old men to their Brooklyn home, poison them with elderberry wine, and have their mad brother, who believes the corpses are yellow fever victims, bury them in the cellar.
Arsenic and Old Lace
21. On the volcanic Mediterranean island which she owns, a dying millionairess plans to take as her last lover a wandering poet who is the angel of death.
The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore
22. A new tenor joins an amateur choir to find the sopranos lusting after him.
A Chorus of Disapproval
23. The down-at-heel lodger in a seaside boarding house is menaced by two mysterious strangers, who eventually take him away.
The Birthday Party
24. The adventures of a pregnant Salford teenager, her sluttish mother, black lover and gay friend.
A Taste of Honey
25. Five women, who gather in a small town beauty parlour, face up to life's vicissitudes.
26. An illicit affair is carried on for twenty-five years, the couple confining themselves to one annual meeting in a hotel.
Same Time, Next Year
27. A deaf woman falls in love with her speech therapist.
Children of a Lesser God
28. A fussy divorce-shocked newswriter moves in with his sloppy sportscaster friend, and they get on each other's nerves.
The Odd Couple
29. The 12th century struggle between Henry II and his archbishop culminates in the assassination of Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral.
Murder in the Cathedral (also known as "Beckett")
30. A crook hides his mother's body and uses the coffin to carry the proceeds of a robbery.