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Below are the answers to the questions in Quiz 11.

We hope you enjoyed taking part

Use the quick-find links below to help you find the category for which you are looking
Initial Characters     Dickens' People   Heroes...     ...and Villains     Folk Songs


Initial Characters

1.   Name the writer whose most celebrated work "A Passage to India", was published in 1924.

E.M. Forster

2.   Born in 1848, who was the redoubtable English sportsman who finally hung up his boots and retired from first-class cricket at the advanced age of fifty-nine?

W.G. Grace

3.   Whose election to the leadership of the South African National Party in February 1989 awakened hopes of serious reforms to the apartheid system and of the release from prison of the Nationalist leader Nelson Mandela?

F.W. de Klerk

4.   Born on 2 November 1961 in Consort, Alberta, whose first album to be released outside of Canada was the Dave Edmunds-produced "Angel with a Lariat" in September 1987?

k.d. lang

5.   Which British writer and historian wrote in his book "The First World War" (1963): "The First World War had begun - imposed on the statesmen of Europe by railway timetables."?

A.J.P. Taylor

6.   On 3 October 1995 which former U.S. football star was acquitted of the murder of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her male companion.

O.J. Simpson

7.   Born in Leicester, England in 1905, who was the author whose novels include "The Search" (1934), "The Malcontents" (1972) and "In Their Wisdom" (1974)?

C.P. Snow

8.   Name the film comedian and writer whose screen-writing credits were under the names Mahatma Kane Jeeves and Otis Criblecoblis.

W.C. Fields

9.   Who was the American poet whose twelve volumes of verse were re-published in his two-volume "Complete Poems" (1968)?

e.e. cummings

10.  Born in Blackville, a small town near Elko, South Carolina on 26 April 1926, who was the singer/guitarist whose Grammy award in June 1983 as one of the artists on "Blues Explosion", recorded at the 1982 Montreux Jazz Festival, arrived two weeks after his death on 12 June.

J.B. Hutto

11.  Name the English philosopher who, in 1893, wrote: "The world is the best of all possible worlds, and everything in it is a necessary evil."

F.H. Bradley

12.    What was the pen name of the British novelist, short story writer and critic who wrote two memoirs, "A Cab at the Door" (1968) and "Midnight Oil" (1971)?

V.S. Pritchett

13.   Who was elected leader of the ruling National Party and the ninth prime minister of South Africa on 28 September 1978?

P.W. Botha

14.     Name the American film director whose credits include "The Birth of a Nation" (1915), "Intolerance" (1916) and "The Struggle" (1931).

D.W. Griffith

15.   Whose only U.K. hit single was "Convoy" in 1976?

C.W. McCall

16.   Born in Chipping Sodbury in 1965, who started writing her first book in Portugal where she was teaching English and had married the journalist Jorge Arantes?

J.K. Rowling

17.   Name the artist who died on 23 February 1976 in Glossop, England and whose works were celebrated in Brian and Michael's 1978 U.K. No. 1 hit single "Matchstalk Men and Matchstalk Cats and Dogs".

L.S. Lowry

18.    Who was President Nixon's Chief of Staff indicted, in March 1974, on charges of conspiracy and obstruction of justice?

H.R. Haldeman

19.   Born in Kedleston, England on 28 January 1769, who, in 1814, became the first Bishop of Calcutta, and, in 1820, established Bishop's College there?

T.F. Middleton

20.    Which Scottish-born singer wrote the lyrics for the songs "Carrie" and "Hot Shot", both chart singles for Cliff Richard?

B.A. Robertson

21.    Name the writer who served a two years' apprenticeship in a draper's shop which he put to good use in "Kipps" and "The History of Mr. Polly".

H.G. Wells

22.   Who was the social historian and political activist whose most famous book was "The Making of the English Working Class"?

E.P. Thompson

23.    Born on 17 May 1855 in Bantry, County Cork, who, in 1922, became the first Governor-General of the Irish Free State?

T.M. Healy

24.   Who was the vocalist/guitarist who died as a result of a car crash on 29 April 1967, and whose biggest hit was "Mama Talk to Your Daughter", which entered the Cashbox regional charts in February 1955 and later Billboard's R & B list ?

J.B. Lenoir

25.    Name the politician who formed a new Nationalist government in South Africa on 3 June 1948?

D.F. Malan

26.    Born on 14 June 1918 in Ilesha, who is the Nigerian writer whose short stories and novels deal with social change and the clash of cultures in modern Africa?

T.M. Aluko

27.   Who was the leading Australian political figure during the first half of the 19th century, whose life-long work for self-government culminated in the New South Wales constitution of 1855?

W.C. Wentworth

28.    Whose novel "Ragtime" (1975) was made into a film in 1981 directed by Milos Forman, starring James Olson?

E.L. Doctorow

29.   Name the British philosopher, born in Banbury on 15 January 1900, best known for his theories in the "philosophy of science" and in moral and religious philosophy.

R.B. Braithwaite

30.    Born on 3 January 1892 in Bloemfontein, South Africa, who was the novelist and scholar who achieved fame with his richly inventive epic trilogy "The Lord of the Rings" (1954-55)?

J.R.R. Tolkien

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Dickens' People

We would like to thank David Perdue for allowing us to use information and illustrations from his site dedicated to Charles Dickens.  This is a 'must' for all lovers of Dickens' work and can be found at:

1.   A messenger for Tellson's Bank who moonlights as a grave robber.

Jerry Cruncher

2.   A slightly mad old woman who is a regular attendant at the Court of Chancery expecting to receive a favourable judgement in a case that no-one is sure has ever existed.

Miss Flite

3.   Daughter of the murdered Reuben and niece of Geoffrey, she eventually marries Edward Chester.

Emma Haredale

4.   Revealed to be Bounderby's loving mother, exposing his claim to be a "self-made man" who raised himself in the streets, to be a sham.

Mrs Pegler

5.   The pompous auctioneer-turned-Mayor of Cloisterham, described as "the purest jackass in Cloisterham".

Thomas Sapsea

6.   Parish clerk and friend of the Gargerys who aspires to enter the church but instead becomes an actor with the stage name of Waldengarver.


7.   Friend and confidant of Dora Spenlow, and David Copperfield's go-between during his courtship with Dora, she later goes to live in India.

Julia Mills

8.   Once a well-to-do gentleman who squandered his money, he is reduced to serving Ralph Nickleby as a clerk.

Newman Noggs

9.   Scrooge's former fiancée whom he had forgotten until reminded by the Ghost of Christmas Past.


10.  Landlord of the Maypole Inn and father of Joe.

John Willet

11.  Clerk and rent collector for Mr. Caseby who assists in finding William Dorrit's fortune.


12.    Dick Swiveller's nickname for the Little Servant kept locked below stairs by the Brasses.

The Marchioness

13.   The Bow Street Runner who, along with Duff, investigates the attempted robbery of the Maylie home.


14.     Walter Gay's uncle and owner of a ship's chandler shop called "The Wooden Midshipman" who, when Walter's ship is lost at sea, goes in search of him, leaving the care of the shop to his friend, Captain Cuttle.

Solomon Gills

15.   A retired navy man and friend of Canon Crisparkle who befriends Neville Landless in London and works with Hiram Grewgious and Crisparkle in protecting Neville from John Jasper.


16.   Pip's fellow student at Matthew Pocket's who marries Estella for her money and abuses her.

Bentley Drummle

17.   Ostler at the Blue Dragon Inn who accompanies Martin Chuzzlewit to America and later marries Mrs. Lupin, the landlady of The Blue Dragon.

Mark Tapley

18.    Manager of a touring acting company who employs and befriends Nicholas Nickleby and Smike.


19.   A waterman, father of Lizzie, who plies the Thames looking for dead bodies and who finds a body thought to be John Harmon.

Gaffer Hexam

20.    The proprietor of a travelling waxwork who employs Little Nell and her grandfather, who schemes to steal from her in order to support a gambling habit.

Mrs. Jarley

21.    An executioner at Tyburn who becomes involved in the Gordon Riots and is executed.

Ned Dennis

22.   "An old Jewish man in an ancient coat, long of skirt and wide of pocket" who fronts Fledgeby's money-lending business.


23.    The father of Oliver Twist, whom he fathered out of wedlock with Agnes Fleming.

Edwin Leeford

24.   Devoted admirer and assistant to Seth Pecksniff, a kindly sweet-tempered fellow completely blind to Pecksniff's hypocrisy, despite a multitude of evidence to the contrary.

Tom Pinch

25.    The son of the Marquis St. Evremonde who is tried for treason in London and is acquitted due to his resemblance to Sydney Carton.

Charles Darnay

26.    A young surgeon who falls in love with Esther Summerson before going away as a ship's doctor to India.

Allan Woodcourt

27.   Joe Gargery's journeyman blacksmith who quarrels with Mrs. Joe and later attacks her, leaving her with injuries of which she later dies.

Dolge Orlick

28.    Mrs. Clennam's clerk to whom her son, Arthur, relinquishes his share of the family business.

Jeremiah Flintwinch

29.   The sister of Paul Dombey Senior and friend to Lucretia Tox.

Louisa Chick

30.    The inventor of an unspecified mechanical wonder for which he is unable to obtain a patent in the Circumlocution Office: he later sells the invention abroad and returns to liberate Arthur Clennam from the Marshalsea.

Daniel Doyce

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1.   Born on 22 February 1857 in London, who was the English soldier who became a national hero for his 217-day defence of Mafeking (1899-1900) in the South African War, and who, in 1907, founded the Boy Scout Movement?

Lord Robert Baden-Powell

2.   Known as the Red Baron, who was Germany's top aviator and leading ace in World War I, personally credited with shooting down eighty enemy aircraft?

Baron von Richthofen

3.   Who was the 21-year old Prague philosophy student who, in January 1969, burned himself to death in protest at the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia?

Jan Palach

4.   Name the hero of jungle adventures in nearly thirty novels and dozens of motion pictures, first appearing in a magazine story in 1912, the creation of the American novelist Edgar Rice Burroughs.


5.   A symbol of man's foredoomed struggle against the machine and of the black man's tragic battle with the white man, who was the hero of a widely-sung American black folk ballad, describing his contest with a steam drill in which he crushed more rock than the machine but died "with his hammer in his hand"?

John Henry

6.   Who was the legendary outlaw hero, many tales of whom show him and his companions robbing the rich to give to the poor, and whose most frequent adversary was the Sheriff of Nottingham?

Robin Hood

7.   Name the German industrialist who saved more than 1,000 Jews from the Nazi concentration camps by employing them in his enamelware factory in Kracow, and then in an armaments factory that he set up in Czechoslovakia in 1944.

Oskar Schindler

8.   A peasant from Bürglen in the canton of Uri in the 13th and early 14th centuries, who was the Swiss legendary hero who defied Austrian authority and was forced to shoot an apple from his son's head?

William Tell

9.   Based on the experiences of merchants from Basra (Iraq) trading under great risk with the East Indies and China, probably in the early 'Abbasid period, name the hero in "The Thousand and One Nights" who recounts his adventures on seven voyages.


10.  The Knight of the Swan, hero of German versions of a legend widely known in various forms from the European Middle Ages onward, who was the mysterious knight who arrives, in a boat drawn by a swan, to help a noble lady in distress?  He marries her but forbids her to ask his origin; she later forgets this promise, and he leaves her, never to return.


11.  Born c.2 November 1734, who was the early American frontiersman and legendary hero who blazed the Wilderness Road through  the Cumberland Gap, a natural pass in the Appalachian Mountains near the point where Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky meet?

Daniel Boone

12.    Written by Jerry Siegel and drawn by Jerry Shuster, who was the 20th-century American comic-strip superhero who was sent as a baby to Earth by his parents from their home on the doomed planet Krypton?


13.   Immortalised in a ballad by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, who was the folk hero of the American Revolution, whose dramatic horseback ride on the night of 18 April 1775, warned Boston-area residents that the British were coming?

Paul Revere

14.     Portrayed in the 1958 film "The Inn of the Sixth Happiness", who was the English missionary who, in 1932 helped found an inn in Yangsheng, and later, during the Sino-Japanese War, made a perilous journey to lead 100 children to safety?

Gladys Aylward

15.   Who was the British airman, who, despite having lost both legs in a flying accident in 1931, saw action as a fighter pilot during the Battle of Britain (1940-41), and whose story was told in the Paul Brickill book "Reach for the Sky"?

Sir Douglas Bader

16.   During the sinking of the "Titanic", who was the lady that helped command a lifeboat, rowing and directing the oars, and afterwards, on the rescue ship "Carpathia", assisted in nursing the survivors? The American press celebrated her as a heroine for her actions, and gave her the  nickname "Unsinkable".

Molly Brown

17.   The daughter of a lighthouse keeper on the Farne Islands off the coast of Northumberland, England, this heroine came to fame in September 1838 when she and her father rowed through a storm to rescue the survivors of the wrecked ship "Forfarshire".

Grace Darling

18.    Born on 7 December 1827 in Kagoshima, Kyushu, Japan, who was one of the leaders in the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate who later rebelled in the weaknesses in the Imperial government that he had helped to restore, and whose participation in the restoration made him a legendary hero, but, to his mortification, relegated his samurai class to impotence?

Saigo Takamori

19.   The son of desperately poor Texan sharecroppers, who was the most bemedalled American soldier in World War II, having twenty-four decorations, including the Congressional Medal of Honor, and who later became a film star, playing himself in the story of his war experiences "To Hell and Back"?

Audie Murphy

20.    Name the French national heroine who led the French armies against the English in the Hundred Years' War, relieving besieged Orleans (1429), and ensuring that Charles VII could be crowned in previously-occupied Reims. Convicted of heresy, she was burned at the stake by the English.

Joan of Arc

21.    Heroine of the Battle of Monmouth Court House, New Jersey on 28 June 1778, during the American War of Independence, when she repeatedly carried water to cool both cannons and the exhausted and wounded soldiers in her husband's regiment, who, according to popular legend, when her husband collapsed from the scorching heat that day, took his place at the cannon.

Molly Pitcher

22.   Which island in the Mediterranean was awarded the George Cross by King George VI of Britain, in recognition of the islanders' bravery, withstanding long bombing raids by the German Luftwaffe, during the Second World War?


23.    Born Araminta Greene, who was the American bondswoman who escaped from slavery in the South to become a leading Abolitionist before the American Civil War, and who led hundreds of bondsmen to freedom in the North along the route of the Underground Railroad, an elaborate secret network of safe houses organised for that purpose?

Harriet Tubman

24.   Name the Thracian gladiator who, in 73BC, led a slave revolt that defeated several Roman armies before it was suppressed, and who later became a hero to revolutionaries - the early German Marxists calling themselves after him.


25.    Who, a hero of the oldest known Old Russian byliny, (traditional heroic folk chants), is presented as the principal bogatyr (knight-errant) at the 10th-century court of Saint Vladimir I of Kiev, (although with characteristic epic vagueness he often participates in historic events of the 12th century!)?

Ilya of Murom

26.    Born on 4 December 1865 in Swardeston, Norfolk, who was the English nurse who became a popular heroine of World War I and was executed for assisting Allied soldiers to escape from German-occupied Belgium?

Edith Cavell

27.   Elected on the ticket of the Whig Party as a hero of the Mexican War (1846-48), name the president of the United States who died only sixteen months after taking office.

Zachary Taylor

28.    Also called El Campeador (The Champion), by what name was the Castilian military leader and national hero, Rodrigo (or Ruy) Diaz de Vivar more popularly known?

El Cid

29.   Who was the Vietnamese general and emperor who won back independence for Vietnam from China in 1428, founded the Later Le dynasty, and became the most honoured Vietnamese hero of the medieval period?

Le Loi (or Le Thai To)


30.    Born on 20 June 1899 in Beziers, who was the French civil servant and hero of the Résistance during World War II, who played a leading part in the organisation of the Maquis (French guerrillas who fought the Germans) and in the development of the National Council of the Résistance?

Jean Moulin

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..and Villains

1.   Born on 17 January 1899 in Brooklyn, New York, who was the American gangster, nicknamed "Scarface", who dominated organised crime in Chicago from 1925 to 1931?

Al Capone

2.   Hanged on 11 November 1880 in Melbourne, who was the Australian bushranger (rural outlaw) whose gang took possession of Glenrowan township, where they were besieged by police, he being wounded and captured in the ensuing fray?

Ned Kelly

3.   Who was the noted English scholar and murderer, whose notoriety was romanticised in a ballad by Thomas Hood and in a novel by Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1832)?

Eugene Aram

4.   In the Sherlock Holmes stories by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, what was the name of the criminal mastermind who became Holmes' most formidable opponent?

Professor Moriarty

5.   What was the nickname of William H. Bonney, Jr., one of the most notorious gunfighters of the American West, reputed to have killed at least twenty-seven men before being gunned down at about the age of twenty-one on 14 July 1881 in Fort Sumner, New Mexico?

Billy the Kid

6.   Who was the Czechoslovak-born British publisher who built an international communications empire, and whose financial risks led him into grand fraud and an apparent suicide at sea off the Canary Islands on 5 November 1991?

Robert Maxwell

7.   One of the most famous unsolved mysteries of English crime, what was the pseudonym of the murderer of several women, all prostitutes, in or near the Whitechapel district of London's East End, between 7 August and 10 November 1888?

Jack the Ripper

8.   Name the convicted murderer who became a self-taught ornithologist during his fifty-four years in prison, forty two of them in solitary confinement, and who made a notable contribution to the study of birds, thus earning himself the nickname "Birdman of Alcatraz".

Robert Franklin Stroud

9.   Who was the French criminal and prisoner in French Guiana who described a lively career of imprisonments, adventures and escapes in his autobiography "Papillon" (1969)?

Henri Charrière

10.  Name the master English criminal of early 18th century London, born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, a leader of thieves and highwaymen, extortionist and fence for stolen goods, who was arrested on a minor criminal charge, found guilty, and hanged at Tyburn on 24 May 1725.

Jonathan Wild

11.  In the New Testament, who was the criminal mentioned in all four gospels who was chosen by the crowd, over Jesus Christ, to be released by Pontius Pilate in a customary pardon before the Feast of Passover?


12.    Born on 24 April 1906 in New York, who was the English-language propaganda broadcaster from Nazi Germany during World War II, hanged for treason in 1946, and whose nickname, "Lord Haw-Haw", was derived from the sneering manner of his speech?

William Joyce

13.   What was the name of the schizophrenic plumber, known as "The Boston Strangler", who terrified Massachusetts' state capital during the mid-1960s?

Albert de Salvo

14.     Who, Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures, was stripped of his knighthood in 1979 after it was revealed that he had been a Soviet spy, arranging for the escape of fellow spies, Burgess and Maclean, in 1951?

Anthony Blunt

15.   Hanged on 15 July 1953 at Pentonville Prison, London, who was the murder who strangled his victims after rendering them unconscious with gas at his home at 10 Rillington Place, London?

John Christie

16.   In Fyodor Dostoyevsky's novel "Crime and Punishment" (1866), who was the young intellectual who, when embarrassed with debts, decides to solve all his problems at a stroke by murdering an old pawnbroker woman?


17.   Who was the German-born American carpenter and burglar who, in 1935, was convicted of kidnapping and murdering the 21-month-old-son of Charles and Anne Morrow Lindbergh?

Bruno Hauptmann

18.    Name the American bank robber, whose death resulted from a trap set by the FBI, Indiana police, and Anna Sage, a friend and brothel madam, who drew him to the Biograph Theatre in Chicago, where, on emerging, he was shot and killed on 22 July 1935.

John Dillinger

19.   Which member of the 15-strong gang that robbed the Glasgow-London Royal Mail Train on 8 August 1963 in Buckinghamshire, England, in what was to become known as the "Great Train Robbery", escaped from Wandsworth Prison in 1965, and fled first to Paris, then to Australia, and finally to Brazil?

Ronald Biggs

20.    Who were the wealthy and intellectually brilliant graduates who confessed to the kidnapping and murder of 14-year old Robert ("Bobbie") Franks for an "intellectual" thrill in Chicago on 21 May 1924, and, pleading guilty, were defended by famed lawyer Clarence Darrow, who secured them life imprisonment rather than execution?

Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb

21.    Nicknamed the "Butcher of Lyon", who was the Nazi leader, head of the Gestapo in Lyon from 1942 to 1944, held responsible for the death of some 4,000 persons and the deportation of some 7,500 others?

Klaus Barbie

22.   Name the 37-year old civil servant who was arrested on 9 February 1983 after the remains of human bodies were found at his house in Muswell Hill, London, and who openly admitted to killing fifteen men over a period of four years. 

Dennis Nilsen

23.    Who was the British Labour Member of Parliament, arrested in Australia in 1975 on charges of theft and forgery, who had disappeared after faking his suicide on a Miami beach the previous year?

John Stonehouse

24.   Widely seen as the inspiration behind the multi-million dollar American junk bond market, name the 44-year old financial executive who, in April 1990, pleaded guilty to six charges of criminal fraud and conspiracy arising from his time as head of the high-yield bond department at Drexel Burnham Lambert, the Wall Street investment bank.

Michael R. Milken

25.    What was the nickname of Charles E. Boles (or Bolton), the California hooded robber believed to have held up twenty-eight stagecoaches between 1875 and 1883, and who, on two occasions, left self-penned verse at the scene of the crime?

Black Bart

26.    Born Lester Gillis in 1908 in Chicago, Illinois, who was the American gunman and bank robber noted for his vicious killings and youthful looks, who twice, in 1934, was listed as Public Enemy Number One by the FBI?

George "Baby Face" Nelson

27.   Name the English robber who became celebrated in legend and fiction, and who is probably best remembered for his ride from London to York on his mare Black Bess, as depicted in William Harrison Ainsworth's novel "Rookwood" (1834).

Dick Turpin

28.    Who was the professional gambler who disappeared in November 1974 following the murder of 29-year old Sandra Rivett, who was battered to death at the Belgravia, London home of his estranged wife, where she had been working as a nanny?

Richard John Bingham, Lord Lucan

29.   In Ian Fleming's novel "From Russia With Love" (1957), who was the Head of Otdyel II, the department of SMERSH in charge of Operations and Executions?

Rosa Klebb

30.    Born Robert Leroy Parker on 13 April 1866 in Beaver, Utah, what was the nickname of the American outlaw and foremost member of the Wild Bunch, a collection of bank and train robbers who operated throughout the western United States in the 1880s and '90s?

Butch Cassidy

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Folk Songs

1.   Name the actor, born on 17 August 1943 in New York, who was waiting, talking Italian, for Bananarama in 1984.

Robert de Niro

2.   Who, the founder of South Africa's Black Consciousness Movement, whose death from head injuries suffered whilst in police custody made him an international martyr for South African black nationalism, was the subject of a Peter Gabriel song in 1980?

Stephen Biko

3.   Born on 2 April 1725 in Venice, Italy, who was the ecclesiastic, writer, soldier, spy and diplomatist, chiefly remembered as the man who made his name synonymous with "libertine", who gave his name to a Petula Clark U.K. hit in 1963?


4.   Van Morrison's tribute to which legendary soul singer, born on 9 June 1934 in Detroit, Michigan, was included on Morrison's 1972 album "St. Dominic's Preview"?

Jackie Wilson

5.   Which Scottish-born American audiologist, born on 3 March 1847 in Edinburgh, was the eponymous "hero" of a 1971 U.K. Top 40 hit for the glam-pop group Sweet?

Alexander Graham Bell

6.   In Dick Holler's much-covered martyr memorial song "Abraham, Martin and John", a U.K. hit in 1970 for Marvin Gaye, who is the fourth assassinated politician mentioned in the lyric but not in the title?

Robert (Bobby) Kennedy

7.   Born on 8 February 1931 in Marion, Indiana, which actor enshrined as a symbol of the confused, restless and idealistic youth of the 1950s, was the subject of a song on the 1974 Eagles' album "On The Border"?

James Dean

8.   Originally called Grigory Yefimovich Novykh, who was the Siberian peasant and mystic whose ability to improve the condition of Aleksey Nikolayevich, the haemophiliac heir to the Russian throne, made him an influential favourite at the court of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra, and, in 1978 the title of a U.K. hit record for Boney M?


9.   Who was the American comedian, born in 1925, who gained notoriety for flouting the bounds of respectability with his humour, was imprisoned for obscenity in 1961, died following an accidental drugs overdose in 1966, and was the subject of a track on Bob Dylan's 1981 album "Shot of Love"?

Lenny Bruce

10.  In the brackets of the title of Scritti Politti's 1984 U.K. Top 10 hit record "Wood Beez (.....)", who is the American soul singer whom the group pray like?

Aretha Franklin

11.  Which 1963 U.K. Top 20 instrumental hit by The Shadows was named after the Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache, who led his people's defence of their homeland against the military might of the United States?


12.    Who was the subject of The Sex Pistols' U.K. hit record that reached No. 2 in the charts in June 1977?

H.M. Queen Elizabeth II

13.   Born on 30 March 1853 in Zundert, Netherlands, who, generally considered to be the greatest Dutch painter after Rembrandt, was the subject of a Don Mclean 1972 U.K. hit record?

Vincent van Gogh

14.     Name the actress, born on 5 April 1908 in Lowell, Massachusetts, whose eyes were featured in the title of Kim Carnes' 1981 U.K. Top 10 hit record.

Bette Davis

15.   Who were the subjects of the Mitch Murray and Peter Callender song that, in 1968, was to become Georgie Fame's third U.K. chart topper?

Bonnie and Clyde

16.   Which German-American physicist, who developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921, for his explanation of the photo-electric effect, was mentioned in the title of Landscape's only U.K. Top 10 hit record?

Albert Einstein

17.   Known as the Maid of Orleans, which French saint, canonised on 16 May 1920, was the subject of a 1981 U.K. hit record by Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark?

Joan of Arc

18.    Name the British actor, born in 1933, who made a guest appearance on the 1984 U.K. hit record by Madness which bears his name.

Michael Caine

19.   Who was the American frontiersman and politician, born on 17 August 1786 in eastern Tennessee, whose life was described in a ballad which was a U.K. Top 30 hit in 1956 for (1) Max Bygraves, (2) Tennessee Ernie Ford, (3) Bill Hayes and (4) Dick James?

Davy Crockett

20.    Once described by Bob Dylan as "America's greatest living poet", who was the subject of a Motown-tinged tribute song by ABC in 1987?

Smokey Robinson

21.    Name the Austrian composer, born on 27 January 1756 in Salzburg, who was the inspiration for Austrian singer Falco's only U.K. No. 1 hit record.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

22.   Who was the South African black nationalist and statesman, the subject of a U.K. hit record in 1984 for Special A.K.A., whose long imprisonment (1962-90) and subsequent ascension to the presidency (1994) symbolised the aspirations of South Africa's black majority?

Nelson Mandela

23.   Which king of England is mentioned in Herman's Hermits' U.S. chart-topper of 1965 , a revision of a 1911 music-hall song, which was extracted from their album "Herman's Hermits on Tour"?

Henry VIII

24.   Born on 9 September 1941 in Dawson, Georgia, which soul singer is mentioned in the title of a 1993 U.K. hit record by Paul Young?

Otis Redding

25.    Who was the Swedish-born American songwriter and organiser for the Industrial Workers of the World, whose execution for an alleged robbery-murder made him a martyr and whose life was depicted on a track on American singer-songwriter Phil Ochs' 1968 album "Tape from California"?

Joe Hill

26.    Name the actor, born in Winterset, Iowa, who, according to Haysi Fantayzee's 1982 U.K. hit single "Is Big Leggy".

John Wayne

27.   Which member of The Beatles was mentioned in the title of the first stereo single release by the group, and, as it transpired, its last U.K. No. 1 single?

John Lennon

28.    What was the full name of Rocket Records' motorcycle messenger boy, who died in an accident at the age of seventeen, and to whom Elton John dedicated his 1978 instrumental U.K. hit single?

Guy Burchett

29.   Who was the American cavalry officer, born on 5 December 1839 in New Rumley, Ohio, mentioned in the title of British comedian Charlie Drake's 1960 U.K. hit single?

George Armstrong Custer

30.    In Kirsty MacColl's 1981 U.K. hit single, who did the guy who worked down the chip shop swear he was?


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